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A three-year project in the Baltata Reserve was completed

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Restoration and protection of the natural habitat in Nature Reserve Baltata

The project of RIEW (Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water) - Varna for restoration and protection of the natural habitat in Nature Reserve Baltata has been completed. The reserve is the northernmost European floodplain forest. It is located in the area of Kranevo village and covers the lower reaches of the Batova River. The project, which lasted almost three years, is funded by the Operational Program "Environment" and amounts to over BGN 870,000 (approx. EUR 444,000).

The main goal of the project was to preserve the tree species of the unique green habitat, which is located near Albena Resort.

The condition of specific tree species in the reserve was studied, and the degree of dead vegetation had to be determined. Data on the amount of groundwater and surface water has been collected to understand the extent to which they worsen or contribute to the condition of habitats, explained the team leader Teodor Daskalov.

"To better regulate the water flows of the created natural water system, which moistens the natural habitat and to allow in all seasons to have even drainage. To reduce the places that had begun to become significantly swampy."

A little over 19% is dead woody vegetation, experts found. To date, this does not interfere with the habitat of specific species, but does not allow it to be developed as biodiversity in the medium term, said Daskalov.

Within the project, a simulation model was made to determine at what water quantities entering through the Batova River, the reserve could be flooded and the vegetation harmed. This model aims to show how much water should enter and drain out of the reserve to avoid the flood that occurred years ago in Albena Resort. Projects for hydro-technical facilities have also been prepared, which aim to not allow the reserve to dry out during the summer months.

"It was a complex hydro-technical task because we do not have the right to use any conventional construction methods in the nature reserve. We worked entirely with natural materials, "said Teodor Daskalov.

The fight against the ash octopus - a serious enemy of the tree species in the reserve - is also the focus of the efforts. The problem has been solved to a large extent by placing the so-called pheromone traps and snares.

Apart from preserving the habitat of Baltata, this project is also important for the tourism of Albena Resort, as the guests of the resort can enjoy both the long sandy beach and the sea, as well as the forests, said the executive director of Albena Tour - Krassimira Stoyanova. According to her, maintaining the reserve is the first step in the green mission for the sustainable development of Albena.

"This park, which is one of the most beautiful forests in the region and an amazing place not only for walking in the surrounding area but also a source of knowledge and practical experience even for students living in the region. To stimulate their awareness of sustainable development and conservation of biodiversity for future generations."

Baltata Nature Reserve is also part of Albena's program for the recovery of people after a coronavirus infection.


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